The Middle Stone Age, or Mesolithic, started after the end of the last Ice Age, at around 10,000BC. At this time the glaciers were melting making the sea level rise, and Britain was cut off from the rest of Europe. Forests grew again, and Europe would have been an easier place to live.
During this time people were still hunter gatherers, but were possibly starting to stay in one place for longer periods of time. There was evidence of proper houses like the one above and this one found last year in Scotland, where people may have stayed for part of the year. There is also evidence that people were working flint and hunting. Huge pies of hazelnut shells have been found from sites from this time period which means they must have been an important part of the stone age diet.
During the mesolithic there also seems to be more evidence that people were taking part in rituals or ceremonies. Starr Carr in North Yorkshire is a very famous mesolithic site. Some very strange things were found here including headgear make of red deer stag skull caps! What do you think they were used for? You can see some of them in the British museum.
People were also being buried with grave goods and small cemeteries were found.
These two women were found in Téviec in France in a grave with a roof of deer antlers. It seems to have been a dangerous time to live and a lot of the skeletons that have been found show evidence of violence.
The mesolithic ends with the introduction of farming around 5000BC when the neolithic period begins…