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Make a Roman Pizza

I have just got hold of a fantastic book by Mark Grant; ‘Roman Cookery, Ancient Recipies for Modern Kitchens’. Some of the recipes, it has to said, may not be entirely kid friendly (Pig’s trotter for tea tonight kids?) but a lot of them are quite similar to food we eat a lot. So it wasn’t too hard to persuade everyone to have a go at making a Roman Pizza, based on the recipe for Staititai or Honey and Sesame Pizza.

We followed the recipe properly using a spelt flour, but actually I think any regular pizza dough would be fine. So here is our simplified recipe:

  • 1 piece of pizza dough (preferably made with spelt flour) or ready made pizza base
  • olive oil for frying
  • some feta cheese crumbled up (or other cheese of choice)
  • sesame seeds
  • a drizzle of honey.

Roll the dough out until it is thin, and leave to rise for 20 mins. Heat the frying pan with the olive oil and fry gently on both sides until it is golden brown. Remove from the pan and sprinkle with the cheese, sesame seeds and honey. Melt the cheese buy cytotec misoprostol under a grill then cut into pieces to serve.

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We made a couple of variations – one cooked in the oven instead of being fried, and one made with cheddar cheese. The oven baked one was good but much crunchier and not as moist, the fried one was more like flatbread.

The verdict? No child was very keen on the feta version which smelt quite whiffy when the feta was melted, but the cheddar cheese version was lovely – like cheese on toast and was happily gobbled up with some lentil soup – a very Roman meal.

The most interesting thing though was the obvious missing ingredient. Where were the tomatoes?!! Did the Romans not like them? No, after a bit of research we discovered that the tomato was not introduced to Europe until the 16th century when in was brought back by the first explorers of Mexico. So the poor Romans had no tomatoes, no peppers and no aubergines (which were brought back from the Middle East). It was worth making a Roman Pizza just to learn this!

Have a stone age feast

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OK, for this we will have go back in time a long, long way…way back before supermarkets, shops, bakeries, bags of crisps and sweets. In fact, we have to back to a time before there were any houses, fridges, saucepans or even pots! In the old stone age (also called the palaeolithic), if you wanted something to eat, you would’ve had to find it, or catch it for yourself!

So what did they eat? The people during this period of time were hunter gatherers. They hunted animals with spears then ate them, and used their skins and bones to make clothes and tools. They also would have caught and eaten fish, shellfish, insects (like grasshoppers and grubs) and reptiles like lizards or tortoises. Have a look at this evidence for a palaeolithic feast.

They gathered wild fruits and berries, and nuts would have been a good source of energy. Vegetables as we know them today did not exist – when did you last come across a wild carrot? But they cytotec cheap price would have foraged for edible plants, and there is evidence that they ate things like ferns and cattails (a marshland reed) which has lots of energy in its roots.

Have a palaeolithic feast!

Collect a selection of things that cave men would have eaten. Some ideas are:

  • Some roast or barbecued meat (or you could cook some on the fire)
  • Shellfish or baked fish
  • Fruit – apples, pears, berries (even better if you go out and pick them from the hedgerows!)
  • Nuts – you could have some hazelnuts, walnuts or anything else you can find.
  • Salad leaves

stone age food, cave man, palaeolithic diet

See if you can make a bonfire somewhere to sit around and share the food. You will have to eat with your fingers. You could maybe wrap some fruit or fish in tinfoil and cook it in the embers of the fire. Wrap up warm in some animal furs (or blankets if you don’t have any), look up at the stars, and stay close to the fire so the cave lions don’t get you.

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Make a Cake Henge

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A henge is a type of earthwork that was popular during the Neolithic or New Stone Age. It is basically  a circular or oval ditch surrounded by a bank of earth. In the centre is a round or oval area which sometimes contained standing stones or wooden posts. Stonehenge is a fine example of a henge.

No-one is really sure what they were used for, but guesses include; being used for rituals or religious ceremonies, as monuments to the dead,  or as observatories to look at the stars and moon. Some of them have their entrance ways pointing to the North East so that the sun will rise through the gap in the bank on midsummers day.

This is a fun way to build your very own henge:

You will need

  • one large sponge cake – it need to be quite large in diameter – ours was in a 22cm cake tin.
  • some icing (fairly stiff)
  • a packet of chocolate fingers
  • one jelly baby

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First excavate the ditch. Leave a 2cm border round the outside of the cake then dig out a ditch in a circle – we did this using a teaspoon. Remember to leave a space for the entrance. Stick the cake you have dig out onto the outside of the cake buy ventolin using some of the icing to make the bank.

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At Woodhenge in England, a child burial was found at the centre of the henge. Dig a small hole in the centre of the cake and bury the jelly baby. Now you can spread icing over the centre of the cake and the ditch. If you had a firmer cake you could maybe ice the bank too, but ours was just too crumbly!

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Now you can erect some wooden poles (chocolate fingers). My kids couldn’t resist putting some lintel stones on the top too. I think sponge fingers would make good stones if you fancy making a stonehenge instead.

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Finished! See who gets the piece with the jelly baby (this caused a bit of a fight in our house).

Sorry this is not the healthiest of projects – I’m sure you could also make a good henge with mashed potatoes and sausages too. If all this cake has been too much, keep an eye out for next weeks project – eating like a cave man for the day!

 

Make a Tudor pomander

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Life in Tudor England could be a bit whiffy. Just think–no flushing toilets, no hot running water. People didn’t wash themselves or their clothes nearly as often as we do now, so things could get a little smelly. Rich Tudors had a cunning plan though–they used to carry round sweet smelling herbs, spices and pomanders to sniff at when things got bad.

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Here we have tried to recreate some Tudor pomander beads. They were  made with dried herbs and spices bound together with gums and resins to make a hard bead that could be put inside lockets or pomanders and carried around.

Here is our easy version:

Tudor Pomander Beads

You will need:

  • 2 tbsp dried lavender
  • 4tbs dried rose petals
  • 2tbs ground cinnamon
  • 2tbs cloves
  • 4tbsp PVA glue
  • a few drops of rose or lavender oil (optional)
  • a mortar and pestle

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First put the cloves buy cytotec in usa into the mortar and grind them until they become a rough powder (if you don’t have a mortar and pestle you could put the cloves into a plastic bag and give them a bash with a rolling pin instead.)

Pour into a bowl and add the other ingredients.

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Mix together then roll into small balls with your hands. The mixture will be very sticky but don’t worry–they will be perfect when dry.

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Leave the balls to dry over night.

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The beads are now ready. They should smell pretty good–what do you think? We made ours into a pomander by wrapping it in some gold braid. It can then be worn round your neck or attached to your belt and sniffed if ever you happen to be passing something disgusting (like your brothers smelly socks).

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How to make an Egyptian armlet

Jewellery was very important in ancient Egypt and was worn in both life and death. It was worn by men and women equally. Almost every burial found has had some form of jewellery with it; so it must have been important to wear it on your journey to the afterlife.

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Many tomb paintings show both men and women wearing bracelets, armlets and anklets. Here is a quick and easy way to make some. You will need some old toilet roll cardboard tubes, some scissors, glue, paint, string and any other bits and bobs you have lying about.

Firstly, cut the cardboard tubes into pairs of similar depth, then make a slit down one side.

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We have stuck some string on now to give more texture to the finished buy cytotec over counter armlet, but you could leave this bit out or stick string in a different pattern.

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Paint the armlets gold – we used spray paint which is quick and easy, but any gold paint would work well.

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Now you can decorate the armlets in any way you want – you could stick on some gems or beads, paint them with different colours or glitter glue, stick on some clay shapes; whatever takes your fancy. Remember to make a pair that match.

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In many tomb paintings bracelets and armlets are both worn and sometimes even anklets too! So make plenty.

We would love to see some of your finished armlets, so email pictures of them to gallery@timetravellerkids.co.uk or let us know how you got on.

How to make a Roman serpent bracelet

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Romans loved jewellery and solid gold bracelets and rings were often worn by women. Bracelets in the form of snakes were very popular and it was thought that the were worn for protection as they would ward off evil.

They were often worn in pairs around the wrists or upper arms.

Have a look at this beautiful example which was found in Pompeii. http://www.britishmuseum.org/whats_on/exhibitions/pompeii_and_herculaneum/highlight_objects.aspx  If you live near London why not go along to the British Museum this summer to have a look at it?

Here is a quick and easy way to make buying cytotec online your very own serpent bracelets. You will need some toilet roll tubes, scissors and pencil and some gold paint.

Firstly, draw the outline of your snake gently spiralling around the outside of the tube.

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We used spray paint which is very quick but you could easily paint it with gold poster paint.

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You could add details with pencil or pen, or even add some gems or glitter glue.

Why not make a Roman gown to go with it?

We would live to see your finished bracelets – send us some photos to gallery@timetravellerkids.co.uk